Acutely Ill Child

Acute abdomen
Burn
Diabetic ketoacidosis / Diabetes mellitus
Meningococcemia
Poisoning / intoxication
Shock
Trauma

  • List toxic agents that can cause altered level of consciousness and describe their mechanisms of action
  • Describe common toxidromes
  • Explain the effect of hyperglycemia on fluid, electrolyte and acid-base status
  • Describe the basic principles of pharmacology used in the management of diabetic ketoacidosis
  • Describe the pathophysiology of glucose homeostasis and the consequences of hyperglycemia
  • Describe how the physiology of the cardiopulmonary systems impacts the vital signs in different age groups
  • Describe the anatomic differences between the pediatric and adult airway
  • Recognize that a primary respiratory event can lead to cardiac arrest in the pediatric population
  • Define shock and describe the pathophysiology of four broad categories of shock: hypovolemic, distributive, cardiogenic and neurogenic
  • Recognize that body surface area and degree of burn injury impact fluid management in the pediatric population
  • Recognize that acute illness may lead to multisystem organ dysfunction

Clinical Presentations