Cow’s milk protein allergy
Hemolytic uremic syndrome
Inflammatory bowel disease
- Describe the pathophysiology of osmotic and secretory diarrhea
- Classify diarrhea based on the underlying pathophysiological mechanisms
- Recognize that some forms of diarrhea are manifestations of systemic illness
Overview & Foundational Knowledge
|First Principles of Gastroenterology. The basis of disease and an approach to management. Fifth edition. Chapter 14. Manifestations of Gastrointestinal Disease in the child. Page 710-719.
Textbook chapter. Review on acute diarrhea and dehydration
|Penelope H & Dennehy MD. Acute Diarrheal Disease in Children: Epidemiology, Prevention, and Treatment. Infectious Disease Clinics of North America 2005; 19: 585–602.
Overview article on gastroenteritis.
|Granado-Villar D, Cunill-De Sautu B & Granados A. Acute Gastroenteritis. Pediatrics in Review 2012; 33: 487.
Overview article on treatment of gastroenteritis and dehydration.
|Zella GC & Isreal EJ. Chronic Diarrhea in Children. Pediatrics in Review 2012; 33: 207-218.
Overview on chronic diarrhea. Comprehensive differential diagnosis.
|Corrigan Jr JJ & Boineau FG. Hemolytic-Uremic Syndrome. Pediatrics in Review 2001; 22: 365-369.
Brief review on hemolytic uremic syndrome. Not essential but good review.
|Hyams JS. Inflammatory Bowel Disease. Pediatrics in Review Vol. 26 No. 9 September 1, 2005, pp. 314–320.
An overview of IBD with a focus on differential diagnosis, presenting features as well as an overview of medications for IBD.
|Vandenaplas Y et al. Guidelines for the diagnosis and management of cow’s milk protein allergy in infants. Archives of Disease in Childhood 2007; 92: 902-908.
Includes algorithms for formula and breast fed infants.
|Dehydration and Diarrhea
Parental handout on gastroenteritis, available in English and French.
|Oral rehydration therapy and early re-feeding in the management of childhood gastroenteritis
Canadian Paediatric Society Position Statement (2006). Clinical resource on treatment of dehydration.
Virtual Patients or Cases
|Dehydration. University of Alberta Pedscases.
Audio podcast of an approach to assessment and management of dehydration (20min).