Abdominal Pain & Abdominal Mass
Functional abdominal pain
- Describe the anatomy, physiology and embryology of the gastrointestinal, genitourinary and reproductive systems
- Relate locations and patters of abdominal pain to basic anatomy and physiology
- Describe normal stooling patters and the influence of diet
- Describe the differences between upper and lower intestinal obstruction and their clinical manifestations
- Identify investigations that may be used in the evaluation of abdominal pain
Overview & Foundational Knowledge
|Ross A & LeLeiko NS. Acute Abdominal Pain. Pediatrics in Review 2010; 31: 135-144.
Overview on acute abdominal pain. Focus on history, physical and differential diagnosis.
|Alexander K.C. Leung AKC & Sigalet D. Acute Abdominal Pain in Children. Am Fam Physician 2003; 67(11): 2321-2327.
Review article on acute abdominal pain. Focus on the surgical prospective with age specific differential diagnoses.
|First Principles of Gastroenterology. The basis of disease and an approach to management. Fifth edition. Chapter 14. Manifestations of Gastrointestinal Disease in the child. Page 681-85.
Textbook chapter that includes specific section on chronic abdominal pain in children. Brief overview on chronic abdominal pain.
|Collins BS & Thomas DW. Chronic Abdominal Pain. Pediatrics in Review 2007; 28: 323–331.
Review article on chronic abdominal pain focusing on functional causes of abdominal pain.
|Zeiter DK & Hyams JS. Recurrent abdominal pain in children. Pediatric Clinics of North America 2002; 49 (1): 53-71.
Case based overview article discussing differential diagnosis of chronic functional abdominal pain.
|Gray SH. Menstrual Disorders. Pediatrics in Review Vol. 34 No. 1 January 1, 2013, pp. 6–18.
A review article on menstruation including primary and secondary amenorrhea as well as dysmenorrhea.
|Trent M. Pelvic Inflammatory Disease. Pediatrics in Review Vol. 34 No. 4 April 1, 2013, pp. 163–172.
A review article on pelvic inflammatory disease with CDC guidelines for treatment.
|Kaskowitz A & Quint E. A Practical Overview of Managing Adolescent Gynecologic Conditions in the Pediatric Office. Pediatrics in Review Vol. 35 No. 9 September 1, 2014, pp. 371–381.
A review article on many different gynecological conditions including vulvovaginal disorders, STI, PID, pelvic pain and pelvic masses.
|Tizard EJ & Hamilton-Ayres MJJ. Henoch-Schönlein purpura. Arch Dis Child Educ Pract Ed. 2008;93:1–8.
Review of HSP with images of purpura as well as a flow diagram of management from a primary care perspective.
|Managing functional constipation in children.
Canadian Paediatric Society Position Statement (2011) on constipation.
|Children’s Digestive Health Information for Kids and Parents
This website is excellent for patient information.
Virtual Patients or Cases
|Acute and Chronic Abdominal Pain.
Audio podcast of an approach to acute abdominal pain (13:28 minutes). Audio podcast of an approach to chronic abdominal pain (13:42 minutes).
Case based quiz on abdominal pain in a child.