Absent red reflex
Normal vision development
Periorbital / orbital cellulitis
- Describe the anatomy and physiology of the eye and related structures
- Describe normal visual development
- Describe the pathophysiology and risk factors of common diseases affecting the eye and related structures
- Demonstrate assessment of extraocular movements and identify the corresponding cranial nerves
- List and classify the pathogens causing infections of the eye and related structures
- Describe the basic principles of pharmacology used in the management of common eye infections
Overview & Foundational Knowledge
|Hauser, A. and Fogarasi, S. Periorbital and orbital cellulitis. Pediatrics in Review 2010; 31(6): 242-249.
Very good overview of periorbital and orbital cellulitis. Excellent pictures. There is a correction to the post-article questions (question 14, correct answer is C). Please note: for MRSA, antibiotics choices should be adapted as antibiotic resistance patterns vary by region.
|Richards A and Guzman-Cotrrill JA. Conjunctivitis. Pediatrics in Review 2010; 31(5): 196-208.
Overview of conjunctivitis. Many good pictures.
|Red Reflex Examination in Neonates, Infants, and Children. Pediatrics 2008; 122 (6): 1401-1404
Abnormal exam: absent red reflex. Statement from AAP Section on Ophthalmology and other associations.
|Abnormal Red Reflex (Chapter 19)
Good images. Original textbook source unknown.